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Categories of Specialty Coffees

At the FNC we provide coffee products that include the characteristics of one or more of the following categories:

 Origin Coffees: These derive from a specific region or farm, and possess unique qualities due to the fact that they are grown in unique locations. They are usually sold to final consumers without being mixed with other qualities or with coffees of other origins. Clients prefer these coffees for their unique taste and aroma. There are 3 subcategories:

  • Regional Coffees: These originate from a specific regions recognized for their particular conditions. These are sold to the final consumers without being mixed.
  • Exotic Coffees: These are grown in specific locations under exceptional conditions; they possess unique tastes, textures, aromas, and colors.
  • Estate Coffees: Produced on a single estate or farm, from a single harvest, they have a single post harvesting process that allows for an outstanding quality product, consistent over time.


 Preparation Coffees: These are coffees that have a unique appearance for their size and form, which makes them desirable by international clients. They are sought after by certain clients that are interested in offering a consistent and homogeneous product. The following types make up a part of this category of coffees:

  • Select Coffees: Derived from a balanced mix of various Colombian regions and types of coffee that produces an exceptional cup of coffee.
  • Peaberry Coffees: Cultivated in high regions, in which cherries with shell shaped figures are selected, produces a cup with a uniquely high acidity.

  • Supremo Coffees: This type of coffee offers three varieties according to a classification system based on cherry size: Premium - retained by screen net No 18, Supremo - retained by screen net No 17, and Extra Special - retained by screen net No 16.


Sustainable Coffees: These coffees are cultivated by communities that have a serious commitment to protecting the environment through clean production methods and by conserving the biodiversity of their region. They also promote the social development of the coffee families that produce them. Clients prefer them because they protect the environment and promote a fair price for coffee growing communities.


 Some categories, such as organic coffees, require the coffee to be cultivated without the use of chemicals such as fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and fertilizers. Other categories emphasize social aspects or a combination of social and environmental themes. The FNC also commercializes relationship coffees, in which programs are developed for the public well-being of certain communities and are supported by the consumer through client-community alliances (see Sustainability That Matters). The following are some coffees that are classified under this category:

  • Organic Coffees
  • Rainforest Alliance
  • Utz Certified
  • Fair Trade
  • Familias Guardabosques (Families that Protect Forests)
  • 4C
  • Relationship Coffees

Many of these require a Specialty Coffee certification program.

If you are interested in our offering of specialty coffees you can visit one of our Juan Valdez cafés. If you are a member of the industry and want to know more about the details of our offering of products and services associated with Colombian specialty coffees, click here.



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